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This is why I curate for StartupDigest

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I love being a curator for StartupDigest because I get emails like these on a weekly basis ūüôā

Hey Chris. 

I just wanted to sincerely thank you for this amazing list of articles. Being a startup entrepreneur can be taxing on the spirit in general and sometimes there are very few things that can keep you positive when you hit a wall. As I devoured all of the linked references, light was shed and I feel more invigorated about what I need to do in my own startup adventures than ever before. 
You and your team are awesome, and what you do is greatly appreciated. 



Written by Chris McCann

March 4, 2013 at 11:02 am

What characteristics make up a quality group?

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Last week I wrote a post on why getting involved in groups matter. Ironically a member of the Thiel Fellowship, a group which I help out, shared this article with me: Connect to Human networks to find breakout opportunities written by Reid Hoffman the co-founder of LinkedIn.

In this post I want to go one level deeper and write about the characteristics that make up a quality group.

In my experience here are five characteristics that makeup a quality group:

  1. High quality members
  2. Shared purpose
  3. Density of members
  4. A shared binding experience
  5. Long term commitment to the group

High quality members

High quality people want to associate themselves and invest time with other high quality people. Who you let into the group (and keep in the group) has a huge effect on the overall group quality.

When your leading a group you have to pay really close attention to what you how you are screening new group members and what your requirements are for joining the group.

We did this ourselves at my last company StartupDigest where we handpicked all of our curators who wrote for us, we had a set definition for who could become a curator, and we made sure members kept up their commitment to stay in the group.

Shared purpose

People want to join and participate in groups and associations that are bigger then themselves with a deeper purpose for existing.

These are not easy questions to answer but they include: what is your groups foundation for existence? why are we doing this? where do we want to go? what are our values? etc.

For a crash course on purpose I highly recommend this TED talk by Simon Sinek.

Density of members

A group can’t¬†exist¬†with one individual. To form a quality group you need a solid base of quality people that want to participate in the group, invest in the group, and have a shared purpose for being a part of your group.

Having more members doesn’t¬†necessarily¬†make a group better but you need a high enough density of members for discussions to take place and ideas to be shared.

A shared binding experience

Shared experiences are the glue that holds the the entire group together.

Imagine if you have 12 random people around a table for lunch. Afterwards there isn’t much of a shared experience between the 12 people.

Now imagine if you had 12 random people who all had to work together during an army bootcamp training¬†exercise¬†to solve a specific task to complete their mission. That’s the start of a true shared experience.

It doesn’t have to be that extreme but shared experiences such as events, activities, trips, and retreats help build trust between the members of a group and multiply it’s value.

Long term commitment to the group

People want to invest their time and energy into things that will be long lasting and potentially outlive ourselves.

If every generation of members are adding to the quality of the group the entire group will accumulate some serious value over the long term. For example just think about the Harvard University Alumni network or the World Economic Forum network and how these groups have become more valuable over time.
These five characteristics of quality groups can be applied to any type of group including: companies, co-working spaces, fraternities, alumni groups, trade associations, investment funds, etc.

If you are interested in this topic check out our company GroupTie and would love to talk further (chris at grouptie dot com). Also would love to hear any other ideas or experiences you have had for increasing the quality of the groups you participate or lead!

US Small Business Administration’s Offerings for Startups

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On Thursday I talked with Andrew Lee, who is a senior advisor for the US Small Business Administration, about some of the programs they have for high growth startups. Andrew previously started and sold an social gaming company so it was super refreshing to talk to someone in government who understands startups and wants to make the government more helpful to startups.

I was really excited about the three programs Andrew is working on so I wanted to share them with you.

  1. RFP-EZ – Most relevant for startups with a working product they are currently selling.
  2. Small Business Investment Company (SBIC) РMost relevant for early stage investors, including venture capital funds and angel funds.
  3. Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) – Most relevant for pre-product startups, especially in the hard technology and science space.


This is a program to help startups get contract work from the federal government. Government agencies needing work post their projects they need help with, startups can register as a provider, and startups can bid on the projects (screenshots here and here).

Here is also some thoughts Tim O’Reilly had on the new RFP-EZ program.

Right now there are two projects that look promising for a tech startups. One the SBA is looking for a transactional email service provider. Two the SBA is looking for a new website/content management system. (hint hint an opportunity for an influential reference customer?)
Early Stage SBIC 

This is a program to help give investors more capital through matching funds raised by venture capital firms with government backed debt. For every $1 raised privately the SBIC will provide $2 of government backed capital up to $150M. (hint hint potential relief for the Series-A crunch?)

Here is a full presentation on the program with more on how it works, what funds are eligible, etc.

This is a program to help give research funds to startups working on hard technology with the potential for commercialization. Research solicitations comes from a wide range of federal agencies throughout the year and startups can apply for grants if they are working on one of these areas of research.

Here is a full presentation on the program with more on how it works. Also here are the open solicitations for startups. (hint hint health/science/biotech startups should take notice, here’s an interesting solicitation I found.)
If you are interested in any of those programs check out the sites to learn more information about them. Also if you want to talk to someone at the SBA directly send me a note (chris.r.mccann at gmail dot com) and I’ll try to help put you in touch with the best person.

Written by Chris McCann

January 21, 2013 at 12:24 am

Dear Governments, how you can help your entrepreneurial ecosystem

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Last week I was invited to Lithuania, with an awesome group of people from Silicon Valley, to speak and attend two events: Silicon Valley Comes to the Baltics and Startup Weekend Lithuania.

Both events were sponsored and organized by Enterprise Lithuania, an organization owned and operated by the Ministry of Economy of the Republic of Lithuania.

I’ll have to admit, being an¬†entrepreneur¬†I have always been skeptical of any government involvement with the¬†entrepreneurial¬†ecosystem. Historically I have always taken the approach that government should leave¬†entrepreneurs¬†alone and let them get back to real work.

However this trip changed my view a bit. It was interesting to see the ecosystem organize themselves around these two big events and bring over 1,500 students and 200 engineers/designers to these two activities combined.

Unlike entrepreneurs, governments have to big opportunity to take the long-term view on the entrepreneurial ecosystem and selectively make a difference across the whole ecosystem.

If you work in government and are reading this, here are a few things I would do & consider if I was in your position (feel free to take these suggestions with a grain of salt):

  • The¬†entrepreneurial¬†ecosystem in your country has to form organically from the bottom up, it can’t be created by force.

  • One simple thing I would try would be to bring together all of the¬†existing¬†entrepreneurial leaders in your country (founders of startups, investors, community organizers, developers, immigrants starting companies, university leaders, etc)¬†and have everyone sit down over a casual dinner with beer. Let these community leaders tell you what is needed and what’s important to them. Don’t talk just listen.

  • Another simple thing I would try would be to bring together all of the¬†existing¬†entrepreneurial leaders in your neighboring countries and do the same as above with your own national¬†entrepreneurial leaders. Again don’t talk, just listen.

  • The last simple thing I would try would be to bring together some successful founders of your national decent who have moved outside your country (to silicon valley or elsewhere) and do the same as above. The same with before: don’t talk, just listen.

One of the most important things I feel a government can do is provide long-term connections to the entrepreneurial ecosystem which already exists in your community.

You yourself will never be able to understand what it’s like to start a company (unless you decide to start one) but you can provide the connections of people who do know what that experience is like to your citizens.

Let the community leaders be the star of the show and let them help you decide how to selectively help the entrepreneurial ecosystem in your country.

Written by Chris McCann

November 24, 2012 at 5:19 pm

New Beginnings to the StartupDigest Story

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TLDR: Startup Weekend has acquired StartupDigest.

Back in June 2009 I threw all of my belongings in my car after graduating college and moved up to Silicon Valley, not knowing anyone here, with the intention of joining or starting a company. Because I was new I started going events like meetups, hackathons, and workshops to meet other people like me. I noticed that being an outsider to the startup community, it was hard for me to know which events were worthwhile to attend so I started choosing the best ones for myself and creating my own list.

Some of my new friends I met were also interested in learning about these events to so in November 2009 I emailed 22 of my friends about the good startup events going on in Silicon Valley and the SF Bay Area for the week. This was how StartupDigest began.

Almost three years later StartupDigest has grown up a lot. Now we have 100 publications, spread across 43 countries, with a community of 120 curators, 230,000 email subscribers, and support by the Kauffman Foundation. Throughout all of this growing up, the past 3 months have been some of the most emotional, intense, and interesting months of my entire startup life.

Over the past three months we started exploring two new paths for StartupDigest. The first was taking our pre-existing StartupDigest VIP recruiting product for engineers, designers, and startups and applying it more generally to other groups.

One thing that has always been interesting with our VIP product is while the product was originally intended for only recruiting, a lot of other groups who have seen it have asked if they could use the same product for their groups. Most¬†notably¬†was my friend¬†Danielle Strachman, who runs the Thiel Foundation’s Fellowship program.

When Danielle saw our VIP product she didn’t think of it like a recruiting product, she thought of it like a group management product she could use for the fellowship, with fellows on one side and mentors on the other side. We too this input and threw up a landing page, gave it a name – GroupTie – and talked with 80 other groups were also interested in using the product.

At the same time we also started talking to a few companies who were interested in StartupDigest themselves. Most of the companies we had deeper discussions turned out to be not great personality fits between our teams and community. Going through with this teaches you that many potential deals turn out this way mostly because of the personality & touchy-feely aspects of combining two different organizations together.

However the first person I called up while going through these talks was Marc Nager from Startup Weekend, because our communities had always been well connected. Marc and I have know each other for a long time and became good friends while we were both asking for Kauffman Foundation support at the Global Entrepreneurship Week Congress in Dubai.

After long discussions back and forth we decided that our philosophical beliefs, communities, and teams were so close together that we had to do something together. The end result of these discussions is Startup Weekend has officially acquired StartupDigest.

Here are the results broken down:

  • Startup Weekend is acquiring StartupDigest. We absolutely love the Startup Weekend team & community and together we reach a huge portion of the startup & technology world through both physical events and online publications.
    • Startup Weekend organizes events in more than 300 cities in 100 countries, has thousands of volunteer¬†organizers and has had over 75,000 alumni go through their events.
    • StartupDigest has¬†230,000 subscribers, 130 curators, and 101 publications spread across 99 cities in 43 countries.
    • If you’re interested in reaching our combined audience email¬†joey@

  • Brendan McManus and Jessica Ford, two of the four StartupDigest core team members, will be joining Startup Weekend to continue to grow the combined communities of both organizations and keep¬†benefiting¬†the world at large.

  • Chris Burnor and I will be building¬†GroupTie, a software solution that came out of StartupDigest centered around making the group organization process easier and more effective for organizers, full time from here on out.
    • If you are interested in talking about GroupTie at all send me an email anytime

I am very thankful for everyone person who helped make StartupDigest what it is today, especially Brendan McManus my co-founder, Jessica Ford and Chris Burnor on the StartupDigest team, every single one of our current and alumni curators, and every person who helped and supported StartupDigest along the way!

I am super excited about the massive future potential of these two incredible organizations combined and the continuation of our fun #startuplife journey ūüôā

*If you are going through the acquisition process yourself I highly recommend this Warren Buffet quote which helped me out a lot through the twists and turns.

** I will probably get this question so I will answer it directly. Everything with StartupDigest is staying the same and only getting better. All of your account information and newsletters subscriptions will stay intact and you won’t have to any migration at all.

Written by Chris McCann

October 3, 2012 at 5:04 pm

Posted in Uncategorized

The Science of Habit

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In addition to the principals of distribution one thing that falls under this broad discipline of psychology/marketing is the science of habit.

The absolute best book on this subject is The Power of Habit written by Charles Duhigg. This science applies to both personal habits (smoking, exercise, etc) and habits within products (engagement, usage, retention, etc).

Habits are a series of actions that are converted into an automatic routine. A good simple example of this is brushing your teeth. You¬†automatically¬†put toothpaste on your toothbrush before brushing your teeth. You don’t think individually about what you’re doing throughout the process but chunk the whole process of brushing your teeth into one automatic action.

Habits are made up of three components: cue, routine, and reward.

The cue is the trigger that tells your brain to go into automatic mode and which habit to use. The routine is the mental or emotional actions you do automatically. Finally there is the reward which helps you remember the habit and encode it automatically to your brain.


The biggest secret to changing any habit is you can’t directly change a habit but you can replace¬†it with a new habit.

To change any habit you first have to identify the routine you want to change and components that make up to habit. For example I had the terrible habit of waking up to my morning alarm, then going back to bed, hitting the snooze button on my phone, and completely over sleeping. This was the habit I wanted to change.

The second thing to do is experiment with rewards. My old reward I was the reward of getting back into bed the first time I turned off the alarm. The cue in my example is pretty easy to identify as the alarm. In a general sense a cue can be a location, a time, an emotional state, other person, or a preceding action.

The habit/reward combo I decide to use to replace my old bad habit involved doing two things.

The first was I put my phone far enough away from my bed that I was forced to stand up when the alarm came on. The second was I replaced my habit of going back to my bed with checking my email, facebook, twitter notifications on my phone. I forced myself to stand up when my alarm went off and gave myself a new reward, checking my notifications, while standing up. Because I didn’t go back to bed when my alarm went off and forced myself to stay standing with the reward of checking email, facebook, and twitter my body naturally stayed awake afterwards.

I think it would also be helpful to see one more example but around creating, not changing, a habit in the business context. Here is the story of how Claude Hopkins popularized toothbrushing with his product Pepsodent.

Instead of doing what other toothpastes companies were doing at the time, advertising the long term downsides of not brushing your teeth, he instead created a habit of toothbrushing. Hopkins discovered a thin film that naturally coats your teeth each day and advertised Pepsodent as a promise to remove the tooth film and give you beautiful white teeth if you brushed everyday. On top of that Pepsodent contained in its ingredients citric acid which created a cool tingling sensation after you brushed your teeth. This tingling sensation became the reward people craved and the reason they used Peopsodent every time they brushed their teeth.

When looking at your own habits and your companies habits, look at them in terms of cues, routines, and rewards. I promise it will be an eye opening¬†exercise¬†ūüôā

Written by Chris McCann

August 6, 2012 at 4:36 am

Warren Buffett Quote on Selling

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From Warren Buffett’s annual report in 2000

We find it meaningful when an owner¬†cares¬†about whom he sells to. We like to do business with someone who loves his company, not just the money that a sale will bring him (though we certainly understand why he likes that as well). When this emotional attachment exists, it signals that important qualities will likely be found within the business: honest accounting, pride of product, respect for customers, and a loyal group of associates having a strong sense of direction. The reverse is apt to be true, also. When an owner auctions off his business, exhibiting a total lack of interest in what follows, you will frequently find that it has been dressed up for sale, particularly when the seller is a “financial owner.” And if owners behave with little regard for their business and its people, their conduct will often contaminate attitudes and practices throughout the company.


Written by Chris McCann

June 25, 2012 at 7:14 pm

Posted in Uncategorized